British Social Attitudes (BSA) could not take place without its generous funders. In 2020 we gratefully acknowledge the support of The Department for Work and Pensions, who have regularly funded modules of interest to them, while respecting the independence of the study. Thanks are also due to the British Academy and The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

The ESRC continued to support the participation of Britain in the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP), a collaboration whereby surveys in 42 countries administer an identical module of questions in order to facilitate comparative research. Some of the results are described in our Social Inequality chapter.

We are also grateful to Professor Richard Topf of the Centre for Comparative European Surveys, for all his work in creating and maintaining access to an easy to use website that provides a fully searchable database of all the questions that have ever been asked on a British Social Attitudes survey, together with details of the pattern of responses to every question. This site provides an invaluable resource for those who want to know more than can be found in this report. It is located at

The BSA survey is a team effort. We also thank Shane Howe and Anamaria Popa, for their work on the management of the 2020 survey, and Melissa Hutchinson for her project management support. The survey is heavily dependent on staff who organise fieldwork and compile and distribute the survey’s extensive documentation, for which we pay particular thanks to our colleagues in the National Centre for Social Research’s operations office in Brentwood. Thanks are also due to our telephone interviewers and telephone unit managers  who provided a valuable alternative to the online questionnaire. We are also grateful to Pamela Ritchie in our computing department who expertly translates our questions into an online and telephone survey program, and to Afrika Anfruns and Richard Boreham who have the task of editing, checking and documenting the data.

Finally, we must praise all the people who anonymously gave up their time to take part in one of our surveys over the last thirty-eight years, not least those who participated in 2020. They are the cornerstone of this enterprise. We hope that some of them might come across this report and read about themselves and the story they tell of modern Britain with interest.